Have you at any time listened to of Francis Lewis? Does the title Abraham Clark ring a bell? How about John Hart?

Some of you may possibly have guessed that these are the names of a few of the adult men who, together with fifty three others, signed that most historic of all paperwork, the Declaration of Independence. But do you know their stories? In actuality, do you know anything about any of those people adult men who pledged their lives, their fortunes and their sacred honor for the lead to of independence? We all know about Thomas Jefferson and Benjamin Franklin, but the greater part of these forefathers of ours continue to be in obscurity for most of us, I picture.

This shouldn’t be.


I imagine with all my coronary heart that those people Founding Fathers with whom we are all familiar ended up destined by God Himself to be our Founding Fathers. I also imagine that each of the fifty six adult men who signed our Declaration of Independence ended up introduced forth for that greatest objective. The us was not a coincidence, not just the result of a sequence of occasions.

A gentleman who became regarded as “just one of New York City’s primary radicals” in the Innovative lead to started his everyday living as a preacher’s son in Wales. How did the young Welshman Francis Lewis, born throughout the ocean and educated in Scotland & London, turn into a founding member of the Sons of Liberty and a signatory of the Declaration of Independence of the United States of The us?

“… for I am God, and there is none else I am God, and there is none like me… calling… the gentleman that executes my counsel from a much state… “ (Isaiah 46: 9, eleven)



A gentleman who includes himself in the forging of a nation, whose coronary heart and passion compel him to break absent from security and ‘security’ to solution the simply call of liberty, have to be a gentleman of a selected character. Specific conditions in a person’s everyday living can develop such a character. It is significant to me that each George Washington and Thomas Jefferson, adult men extraordinaire, shed their fathers at an early age. They grew up devoid of the supporting structure of a totally-orbed family members, and I would surmise designed leadership characteristics that may possibly not have usually turn into a portion of their personalities. The willingness to hazard and to think obligation would be indispensable elements in a founding father. The reduction of one’s earthly father early in everyday living could certainly contribute to the enhancement of those people properties.

Francis Lewis was an orphan by the age of 5.

Information do not look to point out just how he shed each moms and dads so young, but he did, and as a result entered the ranks of those people stellar Founding Fathers who maybe led the way mainly because they experienced shed their individual fathers early in everyday living.



Lewis was introduced up by an unmarried aunt, who “noticed to it that he studied in Scotland… and later on attended the prestigious Westminster University in London.”  Lewis’ pursuits led him into the discipline of mercantile pursuits, and eventually he established himself as an unbiased businessman. A home inheritance from his deceased father, converted to items, produced it attainable for Francis to journey to New York & Philadelphia, wherever he set up store close to 1735.

(I simply cannot support but think that, tragic as it would’ve been for a 5 12 months aged boy to turn into fatherless, mainly because of that, Francis inherited the signifies that introduced him from Wales to American shores. Due to the fact he was here, occasions ongoing to transpire in his everyday living that introduced him to that level wherever, quill poised previously mentioned parchment, he pledged everyday living, fortune and honor to the Innovative lead to.)


About time, Lewis expanded his small business to include international trade endeavours, making quite a few trans-Atlantic buying and selling voyages to ports in Europe & Africa. Nevertheless not devoid of setbacks, Lewis’ small business prospered to the extent that he retired at age fifty two, in 1761. By the time he signed the Declaration of Independence, his approximated prosperity ranked him fifth amongst it’s signers (Encyclopedia of American Wealth). All over again, mainly because he was introduced here, occasions ongoing to transpire in his everyday living that introduced him to that level wherever “… the prosperity that he experienced acquired was freely expended in the services of his state.” (dsdi) Lewis’ success in his prior small business dealings served the American Revolution very well.



“… in the procurement discipline, the provide chiefs relied upon the experience and the know-how of the colonial retailers.”

When those people initial pictures ended up fired at Lexington & Concord in April, 1775, the colonies did not have in area the systems, firm nor staff to wage a victorious war. In the beginning, those people colonists who fought for our independence from Fantastic Britain ended up militia adult men, not actual army recruits. In a army endeavour of such impending magnitude, it was vital that the a variety of New England states begin boosting armies. They did, evolving them from their respective militias. By June, the volunteer army that resulted was bolstered by ten rifle businesses (from Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware & Virginia), delivered by the Continental Congress, which assumed leadership. The Continental Military was born.

The value of each adult men and materials in army functions is a provided any chief worthy of that title would undoubtedly know this. But it is prompt that handful of envisioned such protracted Innovative battles, and as a result colonial leaders did not “recognized the scope of the guidance expected by an army.”  And mainly because militia typically delivered their individual meals, garments & weapons wherever attainable, there existed a absence of useful experience with provide companies amongst this new army’s leadership.


“Of particular value to provide ended up two committees established in the tumble of 1775. On eighteen September Congress made a Key Committee of 9 members.”  This committee was anxious with procuring materials overseas and getting international help.

Francis Lewis was a member of that Key Committee.

As a member of the Key Committee, he labored to procure garments for uniforms, arms & ammunition, and meals materials for the colonists. “… most, if not all, of their paying for deputies ended up retailers. The merchant by itself experienced the know-how, the trade connections, and the important credit rating to handle procurement. For the most portion, his small business was a private venture in which he utilized his private connections and took benefit of the mutual patronage they afforded him.” The U.S Military Center of Army Heritage reports that retailers such as Francis Lewis “… utilized their individual credit rating to acquire materials and incurred debts for which they ended up individually liable”, serving as shipper, banker, wholesaler, retailer, warehouseman, and insurer. Information uncovered on the Library of Congress ‘ internet site exhibit even the relaxed reader how included Francis Lewis was, and what meticulous depth he employed, in his motivation to the Innovative lead to.


I go into the details that I have, about the issues of supplying the Continental Military and Francis Lewis’ involvement in it, mainly because:

“With out the international help secured by these committees, nevertheless, the provide products and services could not have delivered adequate guidance to maintain the Continental Military in the discipline, nor could the Innovative War have been introduced to a effective summary.”

With out patriots such as Francis Lewis, the colonies would not have produced it. You & I sit here looking at this short article these days mainly because a Francis Lewis pledged his abilities and fortune, and in truth risked currently being hanged as a traitor, to wrestle our liberty from the jaws of the lion.



But Mr. Lewis’story would not quit here… I’m not very done with him very nonetheless…there’s a little bit a lot more to inform…

I talked about earlier that I imagine the signers of the Declaration of Independence ended up destined by God to be the signers. It is my rivalry that if you are destined for a little something, no force in heaven or on earth, nor beneath the earth! can quit you.

But that would not indicate selected forces will not likely attempt! They may possibly endeavor to wreak their havoc as a result of a variety of signifies, from just simple nuisances to everyday living-threatening plots, but they will not likely succeed. In Mr. Lewis’ situation, there ended up quite a few attempts produced: a) in the course of the system of his trans-Atlantic small business outings prior to his Innovative War involvement, Lewis “… 2 times experienced shipwreck off the Irish coastline.” (ColonialHall.com)  b) prior to his becoming a member of the Innovative lead to, Lewis (as a Welshman & a merchant in the colonies) served the British forces in the course of the French & Indian War by operating as a provide agent. He was at Fort Oswego in the summer of 1756, conducting small business, when the fort was attacked by the French. Throughout the struggle, the British commander Colonel Mersey was killed. Lewis was standing ideal upcoming to him. (See *Be aware) And  c) to insert gas to the fireplace, when the fort was surrendered to the French, nevertheless humane treatment method was promised, its commander Basic de Montcalm permitted the Indians to choose 30 prisoners. Guess who was just one of them…

Items ended up not seeking good for Francis Lewis, ended up they? It wasn’t until eventually 1763 – seven many years later on – that Lewis was at last returned dwelling to The us.

( *Be aware: George Washington experienced a equivalent experience )


In this environment, the devil undoubtedly seems to have power. Up to a level. But in the remaining consequence, God trumps all. Nevertheless Lewis was held prisoner by the Indians and later on the French, when he was launched, the British govt awarded him 5000 acres of land in New York as compensation for those people shed many years. As a result of this home acquirement, Lewis was in a position to re-create his businesses, making “a significant fortune” – which, as earlier mentioned, served the American Revolution very well.


Nevertheless a Welshman when he arrived in New York Metropolis in 1734, Francis Lewis’ loyalties ended up eventually turned to the American lead to of independence from Fantastic Britain by the issue of taxation devoid of illustration. His retirement in 1761 left him free of charge to turn into active in public everyday living. He was present at the Stamp Act Congress in 1765, a founding member of the Sons of Liberty, and a member of the Committee of Fifty-A person in New York. He served in setting up New York’s new govt, and was elected their delegate in each the To start with & Next Continental Congresses.


In a feeling, Francis Lewis shed his wife to the Innovative War.

In late summer, 1776, right after brutally pillaging his dwelling, British forces took her captive. It is reported that she was already in poor wellness at that time.(Snopes.com)  Records point out she was abused and unwell-addressed in prison. Nevertheless Basic Washington intervened and effected her launch right after quite a few months, Elizabeth Lewis never ever totally recovered. In June, 1779, she handed from this earth.

Lewis lived one more 24 many years as a widower. He died in 1803.



Resource by Christina